Sheroz Khan, Othman Khalifa and Kyaw Kyaw Htike, “A non-contact capacitance type level transducer for liquid characterization”, International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCE), IEEE, 2008, pp.1264-1269, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. DOI: 10.1109/ICCCE.2008.4580808. [Scopus-indexed conference proceeding]
The liquid properties such as buoyancy, pressure at a depth, relative electrical permittivity, electrical conductivity, thermal conductivity, absorption of radiation, liquid surface reflection of sound or light waves, are used to design the different types of liquid level transducers for liquid level measurement in any process industry. The contact-type level-sensing transducers have the disadvantage that their characteristic properties may change due to physical or chemical reaction between the liquid and the probing material, and hence may affect accuracy besides their life time.